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Rehabilitation for The Disabled


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 Τhe Halliwick Method (now Concept) was developed  in 1949 by James and Phyl McMillan to teach swimming to disabled people.                                                                                     

Swimmers are taught on a one-to-one ratio of instructor to swimmer, until the time when complete independence is achieved. The swimmer instructor pair becomes a unit within a group activity, so that the swimmer gains the advantages of social interaction with his peers, whilst at the same time enjoying the unobtrusive but constant attention of an individual instructor. Through the medium of games appropriate to age and ability, groups are made aware of the properties and behaviour of water and of how to control their own imbalance problems.
The giving of correct support by the instructor enables the swimmer to experience mobility possibly not experienced on land. After the initial mental adjustments to water are made and balance control principles are learned, the swimmers reach a stage where they are prepared to disengage from instructor contact. Now, perhaps for the first time in their lives, they can experience complete independence of movement.
Swimmers are taught how to maintain a safe breathing position; how to regain such a position from any other position; and how to control exhalation whenever the face is immersed in water.
They are made familiar with all conceivable body rotations and learn how to initiate, control, and arrest such rotations at will.
The powers of upthrust, turbulence, and impedance to movement are studied, together with metacentric effects. The result is a secure swimmer whose confidence is based upon sound knowledge of water and the ability to control his / her own movements in water.