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Rehabilitation for The Disabled


Therapeutic horseback riding is the use of horses and equine-assisted activities in order to achieve goals that enhance physical, emotional, social, cognitive, behavioral and educational skills for children who have disabilities. It not only focuses on the therapeutic riding skills, but also the development of a relationship between horse and rider. It uses a team approach in order to provide treatment for the individual with the guidance of riding instructor.
Horses provide a unique neuromuscular stimulation when being ridden through their one of a kind movement. Horses move in a rhythmic motion that mimics the human movement of walking. While riding, the horses stride acts to move the rider's pelvis in the same rotation and side-to-side movement that occurs when walking. The horses adjustable gait promotes riders to constantly adjust the speed to achieve the desired pelvic motion while promoting strength, balance, coordination, flexibility and confidence.

One does not have to ride to achieve the desired effects of therapy. Horses can act as an aid by giving those with disabilities a companion to care for. Grooming such as brushing, bathing, and currying aid in joint range of motion and have a relaxing and calming effect.

The amount of benefit gained through therapeutic riding differs from person to person based on many factors such as the type of disability, severity of disability, motivation of the rider and connection between horse and rider. Unlike exercises machines that only focus on one muscle group at a time and do not use natural body movements, riding forces the rider to make use of the entire body to steer, control, adjust the horse and maintain balance. Because horses require not only physical skill but also cognitive skill for achievement, riding reveals the strengths and weaknesses of the rider. While most traditional therapeutic techniques often reach a plateau where the patient may lose motivation, the pleasure and excitement of riding acts to encourage patients to work through the pain and discomfort. The act of accomplishing something many able-bodied people are afraid to try is a benefit to those with disabilities in itself.


  •     Improved balance and muscle strength
  •     Improved coordination and faster reflexes
  •     Increased muscular control
  •     Improved postural control
  •     Decreased spasticity
  •     Increased range of motion of joints
  •     Stretching of tight or spastic muscles
  •     Increased endurance and low-level cardiovascular conditioning
  •     Stimulates Sensory integration
  •     Improved visual-spatial perception
  •     Improved gross and fine motor skills


  •     Improved self-confidence
  •     Increased self-esteem and self image
  •     Development of patience
  •     Emotional control and self-discipline
  •     Expansion of locus of control
  •     Improved risk-taking abilities
  •     Sense of normality
  •     Socialization and improved interpersonal skills
  •     Increased perception of quality of life and life satisfaction
  •     Stress reduction